Defending the Faith Something about Mary

The New Eve


The New Eve–She’s the one who reversed what Eve did; the one who did what Eve failed to do.


The First Eve was created a perfect woman but she disobeyed God. Eve’s sin led to Adam’s sin which actually brought about the Fall. If you don’t what the Fall is watch the news. Eve means mother of the living. More like the living dead.


But God is Mercy. He promised another perfect woman (Gen. 3:15) made for the New Adam. God intervened…She was conceived without any falleness (sin). Her obedience lead to the Redemption brought about by the obedience of the New Adam.


The New Adam is Jesus Christ. The New Eve is the Virgin Mary.


At this point i’ll let our man St. Irenaeus (in Greek: Εἰρηναῖος, 2nd Century, whose feastday is today) explain further:


The Lord, coming into his own creation in visible form, was sustained by his own creation which he himself sustains in being. His obedience on the tree of the cross reversed the disobedience at the tree in Eden; the good news of the truth announced by an angel to Mary, a virgin subject to a husband, undid the evil lie that seduced Eve, a virgin espoused to a husband.


As Eve was seduced by the word of an angel and so fled from God after disobeying his word, Mary in her turn was given the good news by the word of an angel, and bore God in obedience to his word. As Eve was seduced into disobedience to God, so Mary was persuaded into obedience to God; thus the Virgin Mary became the advocate of the virgin Eve.


Christ gathered all things into one, by gathering them into himself. He declared war against our enemy, crushed him who at the beginning had taken us captive in Adam, and trampled on his head, in accordance with God’s words to the serpent in Genesis: I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed; he shall lie in wait for your head, and you shall lie in wait for his heel.


The one lying in wait for the serpent’s head is the one who was born in the likeness of Adam from the woman, the Virgin. This is the seed spoken of by Paul in the letter to the Galatians: The law of works was in force until the seed should come to whom the- promise was made.

Mary Crushin the SerpentHe shows this even more clearly in the same letter when he says: When the fullness of time had come, God sent his Son, born of a woman. The enemy would not have been defeated fairly if his vanquisher had not been born of a woman, because it was through a woman that he had gained mastery over man in the beginning, and set himself up as man’s adversary.


That is why the Lord proclaims himself the Son of Man, the one who renews in himself that first man from whom the race born of woman was formed; as by a man’s defeat our race fell into the bondage of death, so by a man’s victory we were to rise again to life.



Death through Eve, Life through Mary! Jesus is Life. Death has died. We have new life now and hope to live evermore!


Mary’s obedience untied the knot tied by Eve’s disobedience. “And so it was that the knot of Eve’s disobedience was loosed by Mary’s obedience. For what the virgin Eve bound fast by her refusal to believe, this the Virgin Mary unbound by her belief.”


The New Eve is the Mother of all who live in Christ. She said yes to God. May we, through Mary’s intercession and example, do the same.


quotes from St. Ignatius, Against Heresies

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